Resolution Adopted by the CCAR

DISCRIMINATION

Digests of resolutions adopted by the
Central Conference of American Rabbis
between 1889 and 1974

1. We find substantial progress in the expansion of employment opportunities and in legislation against discrimination. We point with pride to the contributions made by Conference members through voluntary service on the President's Committee on Fair Employment Practices; boards of Negro social work institutions; on racial commissions of governors and mayors. (1945. p. 122)

2. See American Indians.

(a) ARMED SERVICES

    1. We appeal to the President of the United States and the Secretaries of War and Navy to admit the Negro on equal terms with other Americans. (1942, p. 100)

    2. We urge equality of opportunity in all branches of the armed services of our country for our Negro fellow citizens, without regard to color or race. (1943, p. 123)

    3. Reiterated 1944, p. 96.

    4. We regret that the pamphlet "The Races of Mankind" has been banned by the U.S.O. and the War Department. If such pamphlets were distributed among our soldiers, it would be easier to do away with segregation in the Army and to have amicable relations among our citizens when the war is over. (1944, p. 97)

    5. We appeal to the American Red Cross and to the Army and Navy Departments to end the segregation of the blood of Negro donors. This policy is an affront to the American Negroes for which sanction can be found neither in religion, morality nor science. (1944, p. 97)

    6. We strongly urge that since the draft law was passed, every effort be made to democratize the armed forces through the reform of the court martial procedure along lines of civilian justice, the abolition of caste privileges and the elimination of racial segregation. (1948, p. 127)

    7. We commend the President of the U.S. and Secretary of Defense Lewis A. Johnson, for their recent statements frowning upon segregation in the armed forces and hope that they will vigorously follow through to eliminate discrimination in the nation's military. (1949, p. 129)

(b) EDUCATION

    1. See Civil Liberties, Sec. 5 (1938)

    2. The disparate nature of Negro and white educational facilities and advantages is most apparent in the Southern states. In Georgia, Mississippi and So. Carolina, only 20 cents is spent for a Negro pupil for each dollar spent per white pupil. We urge full support, therefore, of S181, the Federal Aid to Education Bill, to correct these injustices. (1945, p. 125)

    3. We applaud the majority report of the President's Commission on Higher Education, denying federal funds to educational institutions which resort to discriminatory practices in the enrollment of students. We hail the enactment of the Quin-Ollife Fair Educational Practice Bill by the State of New York. (1948, p. 127)

    4. See Segregation, Sec. 1 (1955)

(c) EMPLOYMENT

    1. We strongly urge that the President's Fair Employment Practice Committee be made a permanent function of our Government. Any discrimination in employment because of race, nationality or religion is morally repugnant and in violation of the spirit of our Constitution. (1944, p. 93)

    2. We urge unstinting support of H.R.2232 and S101 for a permanent Committee on Fair Employment Practice. We reject with utter contempt a warning to Jews that they keep hands off this issue. We believe it is a sound educational as well as protective weapon. Therefore, we hail the enactment in New York State of the first Fair Employment Practice Law with penalties for employers who are guilty of discrimination. (1945, p. 125)

    3. We reaffirm our conviction that FEPC legislation has resulted in a greater measure of justice for minorities in those states where such legislation has been adopted, and we plead that all states follow suit. (1947, p. 69)

    4. In order to achieve equal economic opportunity for minority groups, we must strive for a well-balanced, healthy economy offering full employment opportunity to all. We recommend the enactment of Federal, State and local FEPC acts forbidding discrimination in employment based on race, creed, color or national origin, applicable to private industry, labor unions, trade and professional associations and to the government. (1948, pp. 123-25, report)

    5. Reiterated 1949, p. 130.

    6. We again urge upon our Government and its people the following program: The enactment of a Fair Employment Practices Act on both state and national levels. We deplore the obstacles which the Civil Rights program has encountered in Congress. (1950, p. 170)

    7. Our foreign and domestic policies are interdependent parts of a whole. They cannot be divorced from each other or considered separately. The kind of society we create at home will not only inevitably affect our ability to defend ourselves--it will also manifest to all other nations the measure of our sincerity in assuming the moral leadership of the free world. (With respect to an expanding democratic civilization at home, this Conference has already gone on record in favor of federal legislation to activate a Fair Employment Practices Commission to provide for racial equality in housing and recreation, and to outlaw both lynching and the poll tax.)

We deeply regret the failure of the Congress to make progress in any of these areas. The one point at which the President could act himself, without waiting for legislative approval, is on the FEPC. The substantial improvement already made toward racial equality in our armed forces demonstrates how the Executive itself can integrate our military needs with an expansion of American democracy. There have been indications in recent months that the President was prepared to reestablish the FEPC by executive degree. We strongly urge him to do so without delay. (1951, pp. 103-4)

    1. See Individual Rights, Sec. 1 (1953) .

(d) HOUSING

    1. We applaud the recent decision of the Supreme Court which held that restrictive covenants are unconstitutional. (1948, p. 126)

    2. We commend those of our fellow citizens who in such areas as Stuyvesant Town, N.Y. and Levittown, L.l. have--even at great personal sacrifice--resisted the un-American efforts of some property owners to deny equal and adequate housing to Negroes and other colored people. (1951, p.106)

(e) INDUSTRY

    1. We deplore the "Jim Crow" tactics in the area of economic discrimination, including defense industries, that exists against Negroes and urge a speedy rectification of this injustice. (1941, p. 137)

    2. Repeated 1942, p. 99, including Jews and foreigners against whom discrimination is also directed.

    3. We applaud the unflagging efforts of the Congress of Industrial Organizations to end discrimination in industry and to extend the principle of racial conciliation to all aspects of national life. (1944, p. 96)

(f) MEDICINE

    1. We commend officers and the Board of Sydenham Hospital in New York City for their inspiring example of a fully integrated inter-racial program in all phases of their staff and services. We find a glaring incongruity in the present refusal of the American College of Surgeons to admit qualified Negro physicians to its fellowship. (1945, p. 125)

(g) UNIONS

    1. We appeal to the leaders of the trade union organizations to demand the removal of racial bars in all unions. (1942, p. 100)