- Rabbinic Voice
- Reform Responsa
- CCAR Journal: The Reform Jewish Quarterly
Resolution Adopted by the CCAR
UNITED NATIONS (THE)
Digests of resolutions adopted by the
1. We hail preliminary plans announced for a democratic world organization to
small nations. We favor the establishment of an international assembly of
which would create a body of international laws and which would have the power
enforce them. We urge such international cooperation on the highest religious
Central Conference of American Rabbis
between 1889 and 1974
2. The Conference reaffirms its confidence in the UN as the most hopeful means toward t
he achievement of justice and peace in the world. (1947, p. 69)
3. Reaffirmed, 1948, p. 127.
4. See Genocide.
5. See also Human Rights, Sec. 7 (1950).
6. The War in Korea has demonstrated on a practical basis the truth of the contention long upheld by many of us that in the final analysis peace can be established and maintained only through some form of World Government. The United Nations military effort in Korea is the first attempt in history at international police action. With all its limitations and deficiencies, it points the way toward an increasing measure of cooperative activity and World Government in the future. The movement for World Government is in no way competitive with the UN. To the contrary, it is precisely in strengthening the UN that our most immediate hope for World Government is to be found.
We propose, therefore, that the government of the United States make specific suggestions for strengthening and extending the Inter-National authority of the UN as the nucleus of World Government. These suggestions should include the gradual assignment to the UN of such limited and reserved powers as will be needed for the establishment and preservation of peace. We would urge our own Government to take the initiative in outlining the powers it is willing to delegate to the UN, contingent upon a similar agreement by other major powers.
To this end we strongly favor the prompt passage of House Concurrent Resolution No.64 which reads as follows:
"Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), that it is the sense of the Congress that it should be a fundamental objective of the foreign policy of the United States to support and strengthen the United Nations and to seek its development into an organization of such defined and limited powers as are essential to the enactment, interpretation, and enforcement of World Law to prevent aggression and to maintain peace." (1951, p. 100)
7. The establishment and use of an international police force in Korea demonstrates conclusively the need for a permanent UN police force which will be more truly representative of all nations and in which the burdens and responsibilities of maintaining international order will be more equitably shared. We urge the provision, in any plan of disarmament, of a UN police force to take over gradually from separate governments or groups of government the responsibilities of maintaining order and preventing aggression throughout the world. (1951, pp. 101-2)
8. It has become apparent that arbitrary and indiscriminate use of the veto power in the Security Council has obstructed numerous attempts to achieve the very purposes for which the UN was founded. Even the proposals being made in this report can, under present circumstances, be sidetracked through the use of the veto. We would recommend therefore, that our government take the initiative in proposing revisions of the UN Charter to eliminate the veto by one government of decisions arrived at by a substantial majority of all other governments, along with such other Charter revisions as shall enable the UN to move more quickly and effectively in the direction of World Government. (1951, p. 102)
9. We reiterate our previous resolutions calling for the "Strengthening and extending the international authority of the UN as the nucleus of world government" and, for a "specific, comprehensive basis for the control and reduction of all armaments through the United Nations," for the "provision, in any plan for disarmament, of a UN police force"; for increased effort by our government "to develop the economic resources of backward peoples"--with an increasing proportion of this program being placed "under the aegis of the UN." (1952, pp. 177-78)
10. We strongly reaffirm our support of the United Nations as the sole instrument of bringing the peoples of the world into a fellowship of peace and prosperity. We view with the gravest concern the advance of forces whose misguided fears would urge our nation to abandon its leadership in the United Nations. We express our faith in the efforts of such agencies as UNESCO and WHO and urge our nation to stand firm against the inroads of a new isolationism which would abandon the ideals of a broad religious world view for a narrow parochialism which, far from being helpful to our nation, is detrimental to its best interests.
We therefore oppose the passage of the Bricker Amendment which, by limiting the treaty-making power of the executive branch of the government, would impede our forthright participation in international cooperation. (1953, p. 120)
11. This year marks the tenth anniversary of the United Nations. Once again we strongly reaffirm our support of the UN as the best existing instrument of bringing the peoples of the world into a fellowship of peace and prosperity. We express our faith in it and the agencies which it has created to further the ideals of a broad and religious world view. On this significant milestone we bespeak the continued leadership of our government in its councils and increased financial support for its programs. We pray that new and significant techniques may be effected to make its influence ever more strongly felt as an instrument of world peace. (1955, p. 64)