Resolution Adopted by the CCAR

WAR

Digests of resolutions adopted by the
Central Conference of American Rabbis
between 1889 and 1974

1. We believe that war is morally indefensible; we, therefore, recommend the adoption of the Levinson-Borah plan for the outlawry of war. We favor the institution of popular referendum as an indispensable preliminary to any declaration of war by Congress. We urge an international Conference to prevent the manufacture of arms by private citizens and of poison gas for use in warfare. (1924, p. 91)

2. We deplore the policy of the State Department in supporting the claims of investors in foreign countries by force of arms. Theme of 1924 declaration reiterated. (1928, p. 89)

3. We reaffirm the importance of the Kellogg-Briand peace pact for the outlawry of war. (1931, p. 72)

4. We approve the Joint Resolution forbidding shipment of arms to warring nations. We support the prohibition of the making of loans to a state violating the general pact for the renunciation of war, as well as a Presidential embargo on arms to such country. (1933, p. 55)

5. We approve Congressman Ludlow's proposed constitutional amendment requiring, except in the case of invasion, a national referendum before a declaration of war can become effective. (1935, p. 60)

6. We are opposed to all moving pictures which make war attractive and ask our members to protest their showing in their respective communities. (1935, p. 63)

7. We stand in unqualified opposition to the Sheppard-Hill Bill which grants the President dictatorial powers over labor, manufactures and prices in the event of war. (1937, pp. 79 and 155)

8. We urge the withdrawal of American armed forces from the Far Eastern zones as well as American citizens and business interests. (1938, p. 139)

9. We deplore the vast and ill-advised expenditures for armaments and insist upon a national defense policy limited to the defense of our shore from invasion. (1938, p. 140)

10. We express our opposition to the May bill and all similar legislation which would impose a military dictatorship on the country in time of war. (1938, p. 141)

11. We express our abhorrence of the Japanese invasion of China, the German annexation of Austria and the continued armed aggression of foreign powers in Spain. (1939, p. 135)

12. We affirm that it may become the inescapable duty of our American nation to become an active and aggressive champion of the principles of freedom and of democratic rights against the encroachment of those ruthless powers which seek to conquer, enslave and crush the rest of mankind, at least upon our own western continent. (1940, p. 132)

13. We believe that essential services to educate the young, relieve suffering, build character and maintain faith and morale, must go on despite the war. (1942, p. 109)

14. We commend the War Department and our military leaders for having treated prisoners of war in accordance with the Geneva Convention. (1945, p. 116)

15. The Conference urges that the armed forces be democratized, that social distinction between officers and enlisted personnel be abolished, that equal facilities be made available to all in uniform irrespective of their rank. (1946, p. 102)

16. The aggressive designs of Soviet Russia and some of its satellites have poised our civilization on the brink of military disaster if not of total destruction. In the face of the gravest threat to confront the free world since the end of World War II, we applaud and approve the announced intention of the President and the State Department to resist military aggression with all the strength at our command, while at the same time making every effort to prevent the spread of Hostilities into another World War. This is consistent with the position our conference has already adopted in opposition "to Communism and to all other forms of totalitarianism, domestic and foreign." We believe, however, that military resistance alone must not be the sum total of our foreign policy. We recommend, therefore, that while mobilizing our full strength to prevent further aggression, we must also examine conscientiously our own past mistakes and must seriously explore every possible avenue of peace. To that end we favor every action, consistent with our national welfare and defense, to reach a peaceful settlement of the Korean War and a general settlement between East and West. (1951, p. 100)

17. See Disarmament, Profiteering and Peace.

18. We reiterate most emphatically our previous resolutions calling for: Resisting "military aggression with all the strength at our command, while at the same time making every effort to prevent the spread of hostilities into another World War"; also, "every action, consistent with our national welfare and defense, to reach a general settlement between East and West." (1952, p. 177)

19. We refuse to accept the inevitability of war. We urge the government of the United States to give permanent peace its very highest priority, and without relaxing our military vigilance or strength, to consider every proposal for peace in good faith and explore its possibilities most earnestly. (1952, p. 179)

20. We refuse to accept the inevitability of war. We commend the

Government of the United States for its patient and forbearing efforts in behalf of a cessation of hostilities in Korea and urge its continued efforts in the diligent search for the means by which the crisis between East and West may be alleviated and permanent peace achieved. (1953, p. 120)

21. See Vietnam War.